SERBIA – BELGRADE
Serbia is a country in the southeastern Europe, located in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula
Serbia is a country located partly in the Southeast of Europe – on the Balkan Peninsula (75% of the territory), and partly in the Central Europe – in the Pannonian Basin, (25% of its territory), covering a total area of 88,407 km2.
In the North, Serbia shares borders with Hungary, in the East with Romania and Bulgaria, in the South with Macedonia and Albania, and in the West with Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.
Serbia is located on landmass of the Balkan Peninsula, surrounded by the warm seas (Adriatic, Aegean, and Black) while in the North it leans on the European continent. The northern part of the Republic consists of plains, while the hills and mountains are in the southern part.
There are over 30 peaks higher than 2,000 meters above sea level, while the highest peak is Đeravica on the Prokletije Mountains with the height of 2,656 meters. The Serbian mountain landscape explains the emergence of many canyons, gorges and caves. The lowest point is on the border with Romania and Bulgaria, at the point where Timok flows into the Danube, at 28 meters above sea level.
The longest river in Serbia, the Danube, has a flow of 2,783km, while its length in Serbia is 588km.
Serbia has a moderately continental climate. Winters are short, cold and snowy, while the summers are warm. The coldest month is January, and the warmest is July.
Serbia is a country where a vast majority of its 7 million citizens are Serbs, and the rest belong to any of the 40 different national communities. Being a country of hospitable, emotional and joyful people, who possess a sense for extraordinary traditions, and a huge cultural heritage that enriches the entire European culture, Serbia is one of those marks on a map of the world you need to discover and experience.
Ethnic heritage plays an important, if not crucial part in Serbia’s rich and unique tradition, and is reflected in its very etiquette and values specific only to this Slavic region.
Serbia’s capital is Belgrade.
Belgrade is a modern european city with population of about 1.7 million people. It is an administrative, political and cultural center of the country.
The sessions of Serbian parliament and government are being held in Belgrade, and the office of the President is also in it.
The buildings that host these institutions are themselves monuments of great cultural importance and therefore a part of every visitor’s itinerary.
Belgrade is situated at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe and has since ancient times been an important focal point for traffic, an intersection of the roads of Eastern and Western Europe.
As a result of its tumultuous history, Belgrade has for centuries been home to many nationalities, with Serbs of the Orthodox Christian religion making up the majority of the population.
The city never stops growing, and when it has crossed the river Sava, it became “new”. New Belgrade (Novi Beograd) is the center of Serbia’s business.
Belgrade is a city that never sleeps and the symbol of great nightlife. The capital of Serbia, Belgrade, is known as “the city that never sleeps”.
Belgrade is most famous for its vibrant nightlife and the vast variety of options it offers for having fun, especially to young people. Here you can find your own place of joy no matter what kind of music you prefer, how much money you have or what kind of food you like to eat. There is something for everybody: from modern restaurants, “splavs” (floating river clubs), alternative music clubs and theatres to famous “kafanas” (traditional Serbian taverns) of Skadarlija.
The most popular picnic and excursion destinations is mount Avala – located not far from the city.
Nowadays you can find in Belgrade an archaeological sites perfect for all those interested in very distant history, many historical museums.
You can get to Belgrade by airplane, train, bus, car and ship.
The official language is Serbian, while visitors from abroad can use English to communicate. The climate in Belgrade is a moderate continental one, with an average daytime temperature of 11.7oC.